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Haters Everywhere in Stock Market After S&P 500’s Big First Half

Wall Street strategists, never ones to restrain their enthusiasm when it’s warranted, warn that the gains have played out. Short sellers are circling, with wagers against the largest equity exchange-traded fund rising to the highest level this year.



People were already worried about equities six months ago. Now, after the S&P 500 Index defied everything from nosebleed valuations to inflation to post one of the best first halves ever, they’re downright paranoid.

Wall Street strategists, never ones to restrain their enthusiasm when it’s warranted, warn that the gains have played out. Short sellers are circling, with wagers against the largest equity exchange-traded fund rising to the highest level this year. Star investors like Michael Burry have warned of the “mother of all crashes” in meme stocks.

And yet, from reversals in speculative names to a hawkish shift in Federal Reserve policy, things that could have put an end to last year’s rally in equities have failed to. Instead, amid steadfast retail buying, about $6 trillion has been added to equity values in 2021, with the S&P 500’s 14% rally putting it on course for its second-best January through June period since 1998.

“The inflows of money are still so good,” “The money does not leave the market. It just looks for another place to go.”

Mike Wilson, chief U.S. equity strategist at Morgan Stanley, said in an interview on Bloomberg TV and Radio.

While bears are getting bolder, the bulls have history on their side. In the 27 years when gains in equities were this strong through the first six months, three-quarters of the time stocks continued to march higher by December.

The S&P 500 climbed for the fourth week in five as President Joe Biden’s bipartisan $579 billion infrastructure deal revived leadership in economically sensitive shares like banks and energy. The Russell 2000 Index of small-caps jumped more than 4%, the most since March, while the tech-heavy Nasdaq 100 advanced for six straight weeks, the longest winning streak in five months.

Valuations that started the year at 23 times earnings — near the highest since the dot-com era — have shrunk, thanks to the fastest profit expansion in a decade. Nevertheless, at 21, the current reading is still above the five-year average of 18. Moreover, this quarter likely marks the peak of a profit recovery from the pandemic recession, with forecast growth slowing from 63% now to 4% early next year.

Throw in the threat of tax hikes and Fed tapering, and it’s not hard to see why Wall Street strategists call for caution. Their average year-end target tracked by Bloomberg stood at 4,213, a 1.6% decline from the index’s last close.

Burry, who rose to fame on his winning mortgage bets from the 2007-2008 housing crash, joined the chorus this month, issuing a series of tweets warning individual investors about losses “the size of countries” in the event of crypto and meme-stock declines.

Short sellers, almost driven into extinction amid an equity rally and January’s short squeeze, are reloading. Bearish bets on the SPDR S&P 500 ETF have climbed to 5% of its stock outstanding, from less than 2% at the start of this year, according to IHS Markit data. Meanwhile, demand for protection against losses in coming months is rising in the options market.

“You’ve got a market that has kind of run ahead of itself,” said Kevin Caron, portfolio manager for Washington Crossing. “Now it’s more likely you’re going to get some volatility in the market for the next six months or so until earnings and fundamentals fill in under stock prices which have become quite rich.”

Yet pushing against the wall of worries are the growing numbers of retail traders who bought the dip during the pandemic bear market and have since become the staunchest allies of this bull market. A week ago, when the S&P 500 dropped more than 1%, retail investors poured a record $2 billion into equities, according to data compiled by Vanda Research.

And there is no indication they’re retreating soon. According to a report by investment adviser Betterment LLC, 58% of the 1,500 day traders surveyed plan to trade even more as pandemic restrictions are lifted. Only 12% said they expect to trade less.

Goldman Sachs Group Inc. strategists led by David Kostin raised their forecast for households’ net equity purchases for the full year to $400 billion from $350 billion after Fed data showed robust buying from the group.

“The trade-off households face between equities and other asset classes favors equities through year-end given anemic money market and credit yields,” Kostin wrote in the note. “Additionally, any signs of a sustained increase in inflation would favor equities over bonds or cash.”

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Does Your Dog Stay Away from the Water Bowl? 4 Tips on How to Hydrate Your Dog

It is normal for a dog’s body to gain and lose water throughout the day. Panting, breathing, urinating, defecating, and evaporation through the paws all contribute to normal water loss, which your dog compensates for by eating and drinking.



Photo: Shutterstock

The summer season we have all been anxiously waiting for is right at our doorstep. Thoughts of weekend road trips to the beach or peaceful afternoons spent by the comfort of a swimming pool are lurking in every corner of our minds, ready to remind us that the time has come for sunbathing and relaxation.

As the star Sirius is racing to bring the scorching dog days upon us, making sure that our water intake is sufficient becomes essential. This necessity applies not just to you but also your puppy, whose water intake habits require extra attention during the summer season. After all, it’s more straightforward to observe dehydration signs in a human; dogs, on the other hand, will not cry out to you when they would fancy a water bowl refill.

Ensuring Proper Hydration for Your Dog

Here at Volhard, our firm belief is that you should feed a hydrated diet. If you feed a 100% dry dog food diet your dog will stay in a state of chronic dehydration putting strain on the dog’s organs. With the help of our team, you will learn more about dehydration in dogs, its causes and symptoms, and how to address it appropriately with a proper hydrated diet. Let’s dive deeper into the subject and untangle everything there is to know about dehydration in dogs!

Observing Dehydration

It is normal for a dog’s body to gain and lose water throughout the day. Panting, breathing, urinating, defecating, and evaporation through the paws all contribute to normal water loss, which your dog compensates for by eating and drinking.

However, when your puppy’s fluid intake doesn’t supplement the amount it’s losing, the body starts to suffer from dehydration. The first consequence of dehydration consists of a reduced blood flow, which, in turn, limits the amount of oxygen that reaches your dog’s organs and tissues.

Lack of water intake can cause dehydration, which can occur if a dog doesn’t have proper access to water or won’t drink enough. Whether you’re at home or gone for part of the day, be sure to leave enough water so your dog will not run out.

Acute attacks of vomiting and diarrhea, heat stroke, or illnesses and a fever may also cause a dog to become dehydrated. Puppies, senior dogs, nursing mothers, and toy dog breeds may have an increased risk of dehydration. Sometimes dehydration in dogs is a symptom of an underlying cause, including these diseases or conditions: kidney disease, diabetes, or some types of cancer.

There are some dogs who just won’t drink much water unless they are encouraged to do so. Or they are exercising outside to the point where they are panting and therefore losing fluids.

How Do I Detect Dehydration in My Dog?

As we mentioned earlier, dehydration signs in dogs might not be as apparent as one might think; the owner will have to keep a keen eye on the dog’s water intake and corroborate that with other symptoms, which we’ll discuss below.

So, how can you tell if your dog is dehydrated? Unfortunately, our dogs can’t tell us they’re thirsty, but knowing the signs of dehydration can help you respond quickly and also catch potential serious medical conditions before they become life-and-death emergencies. Some symptoms of canine dehydration include:

  • Loss of skin elasticity
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting with or without diarrhea
  • Reduced energy levels and lethargy
  • Panting
  • Sunken, dry-looking eyes
  • Dry nose
  • Dry, sticky gums
  • Thick saliva

Loss of skin elasticity is the easiest sign to test for dehydration. To test for it, we suggest that you gently hold some of the dog’s skin near his shoulder blades, raise it up, and then let it go. Watch carefully as it falls back into place. In well-hydrated dogs, the skin instantly will spring back to its original position. The skin of dehydrated dogs, on the other hand, will take longer to fall back into place.A second way to ascertain whether your puppy is dehydrated or not is a condition closely related to inadequate water intake: xerostomia. Commonly known as “dry mouth,” this loss of moisture in the dog’s gums causes its saliva to look thick and pasty. Noticing this clue will reveal your dog’s dehydrated state.

Finally, you can do a capillary refill test to determine dehydration. Press your finger gently against your dog’s gums and then remove your finger. In a well-hydrated dog, the area where you pressed will appear white for a second, and then return to its normal pink color almost immediately. In dehydrated dogs, the capillary refill time takes much longer.

What about Electrolytes?

Many of us see dehydration as an easily fixable issue: stave off dehydration by more consistent water intake. However, water as a whole is not the only solution to this issue. Oftentimes, dehydration is merely a symptom of another problem, and in this case, your dog might be dealing with an electrolyte imbalance.

Electrolytes are ionized salts that circulate through the body and play a crucial role in nutrient absorption and cell osmosis. The most frequently observed electrolyte imbalances associated with dehydration concern sodium, potassium, and chloride, but other electrolytes that can become imbalanced include calcium, magnesium, and phosphate. These salts assist in the body’s proper function through balancing the body’s pH, facilitating muscle function, moving essential nutrients to cells, and, essential in this context, maintaining the proper amount of water in the body.

When the dog’s body deals with an insufficient water intake, it automatically draws fluids out of cells for compensation, which, in turn, leads to electrolyte loss, affecting the body’s proper function. Because water itself cannot provide all the necessary electrolytes, your responsibility as a dog owner is to make sure that your puppy receives proper electrolyte intake through other means, namely through adequate food intake. For dogs with more than three hours of activity a day, especially in hot/humid climates, giving an electrolyte boost is beneficial. In times of high activity, a dog’s water intake increases as well as their need for electrolytes. A solution based remedy would be to dilute coconut water and homemade bone broth to add into their drinking water; this helps to increase the mineral intake in addition to the increased fluids.

Now that we’ve seen how dehydration works, let’s discuss how your dog can quickly achieve proper hydration and electrolyte intake with our four tips!

#1: Feeding Volhard Food to Your Puppy- Feed a Hydrated Diet!

The amount of water that your dog will drink daily mostly depends on the chosen diet. For example, if your dog’s diet mainly consists of dry food with approx. 10% moisture, your dog will drink approx. a quart of water per every pound of dry food consumed. At least you hope so! At the opposite pole, a canned food diet rich in moisture (upward to 78%) will drink much less.

The Volhard Natural Diet contains an abundant source of moisture and electrolytes necessary for your dog’s proper development and healthy life, which is why they will not ask for a water bowl refill too often. The Volhard Natural Diet Foundation contains numerous ingredients that will not only keep dehydration and electrolyte imbalance away but also check every single one of your dog’s nutritional needs. Ensure that you watch the following presentation and learn how easy it is to put together a nutritious food bowl for your dog!

#2: Switching to Natural Mineral Water

For those unending scorching days, your puppy will need extra help to retain water and electrolytes properly. That’s when you should switch from plain water to natural mineral water, which is rich in the following minerals:

  • Magnesium
  • Calcium
  • Potassium
  • Iron
  • Zinc
  • Sodium
  • Bicarbonate

With the help of natural mineral water, your puppy will receive the proper electrolyte intake and successfully retain the hydration from the water.

#3: Blue Electrolyte Bites Recipe!

Wait- I have heard of green spirulina, what is blue spirulina? Green Spirulina is a whole cell algae, so it tastes more than a smidge like… well… algae. Given that Blue Spirulina is an extract, the smell and flavour are much more neutral, making it easy to receive some of the benefits of spirulina without the fishy taste. Spirulina is a potent source of nutrients. It contains a powerful plant-based protein called phycocyanin. So what makes spirulina so great from a nutrition standpoint? Well, first of all, it contains high levels of many nutrients, including calcium, potassium, B vitamins, and iron. Here’s the nutritional breakdown for a single tablespoon of spirulina:

  • 4 grams of protein
  • 11% of the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of vitamin B1 (thiamin)
  • 15% of the RDA of vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
  • 4% of the RDA of vitamin B3 (niacin)
  • 21% of the RDA of copper
  • 11% of the RDA of iron

In addition to all of that, spirulina also contains significant amounts of magnesium, potassium, and manganese. Magnesium plays a pivotal role in supporting muscle and nerve function, maintaining healthy blood sugar levels and blood pressure in the body, as well as making protein, bone, and DNA. Potassium, which is a type of electrolyte, aids in nerve function and muscle contraction, and it regulates your heartbeat. And finally, manganese helps your dog’s body develop and function properly throughout their life.

Research shows this may have antioxidant, pain-relief, anti-inflammatory, and brain-protective properties. Many antioxidants in spirulina have anti-inflammatory effects in the body.Need a quick and easy recipe to add electrolytes to your dogs diet? Thanks to Perfectly Rawsome – check out these Blue Electrolyte Bites Recipe!


Feeding a hydrated diet like the Volhard Natural Diet and our tried-and-true tips, your puppy will be more than ready and happy to enjoy the warm summer days without fear of dehydration or an electrolyte imbalance. Would you like to learn more about proper hydration in dogs? Feel free to contact us or check out our blog!

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Boston Made Dog Boots

There are times when having boots on your dog’s paws is going to give them the extra protection that they need.



Source: Boston Made Pets

If you mentioned having boots for your dog 10 years ago, everyone would think you were crazy! But, the popularity of dog booties has grown recently and not just because your furry friend will look adorable in them. In fact, dog boots are more about function and not just fun dog accessories and fashion.

While dogs do have thick pads on their feet, they are not invincible. There are times when having boots on your dog’s paws is going to give them the extra protection that they need. So, let’s have a look at five benefits of investing in some dog boots for your best buddy.

Protection in Hot Temperatures

When the sun is out in the middle of a British summer, it gets really hot. Of course, keeping your furry friend hydrated is extremely important but a lot of owners forget about their paws. Think about how your bare feet feel when you are running on hot sand; this is how your dog feels when they are walking on the pavements! Dog boots are going to protect your dog’s paws from burning when you are out in the summertime by creating a barrier between the hot ground and their pads.

Help Injury and Illness

If your dog already has a paw injury or cuts on their pads, having boots on is going to relieve some pressure and pain for them. In addition, it will help prevent further damage to your dog’s paw and allow it to heal properly. If your dog is older and struggles with arthritis, dog booties can also help eliminate the uncomfortable friction on the pads and provide the extra cushioning your canine needs to still enjoy his or her daily walks.

Explore and Hike Safely

We all love to take our dogs out exploring and often it is somewhere off the beaten track. This can mean that there are hazards all around for their paws. For example, rocks are not only slippery for your pup but they can also be sharp and dangerous. While your dog may act unfazed by rough terrain, their pads can suffer and debris like sharp sticks and plants can cause painful cuts. But, wearing dog booties is going to protect their paws on long hikes so this is no longer a problem!

Protection from Snow and Ice

Just like us, dogs get cold when they are out walking in the winter, especially when the snow starts to fall. While your dog may love to play in a winter wonderland, the snow can become cold on your canine’s paws and even ice is sharp to walk on, especially when it starts to break. Yet, when your dog is wearing boots, their paws can be protected from cuts and injuries in the winter freeze and they can enjoy running around in the snow again.

Prevent Salt and Chemical Burns

In the winter, salt is normally spread on the ground to help melt the snow and ice. Yet, most dog owners don’t realise that this can be harmful for their furry friend’s paws. The salt can cause irritation and make them very dry. If you don’t wash your dog’s paws regularly, this will result in chemical burns. When you choose boots, you don’t have to worry about this problem when you are out walking in the winter since your dog’s paws will be covered.

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